Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships


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In May, Pena Nieto announced a constitutional reform that would legalize same-sex marriage across Mexico. Several other Latin American countries already allow such unions.


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The announcement followed a Supreme Court ruling last year declaring that a ban on same-sex marriage is unconstitutional. The National Front for the Family is strongly against same-sex couples adopting children, and also opposes teaching about homosexuality and transsexuality in school sex education classes.

A gay rights advocacy group said that homophobia has surged in Mexico since Pena Nieto's proposal.

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The majority of the population of Mexico is Roman Catholic, and church leaders in Mexico are firmly opposed to same-sex marriage. Feder points out that in Europe, Spain, Portugal and Belgium have all adopted same-sex marriage. We use cookies to understand how you use our site and to improve your experience. To learn more, review our Cookie Policy. By continuing to use our site, you accept our use of cookies and Privacy Policy.

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Strikes in Somalia. Claire Felter. Opponents have also used subnational politics to further their agenda, particularly direct democracy, while LGBT rights activists have used elite politics, such as state courts, effectively.

Subnational LGBT politics is also marked by a significant variety in policy outcomes, with a notable urban and suburban versus rural divide in policymaking and in the presence of openly LGBT elected officials. The case of LGBT policy and law has caused scholars to rethink questions such as the role of public opinion in state policymaking, morality politics, and courts and social change.

Keywords: courts and social change , diffusion , federalism , judicial federalism , morality politics , LGBT politics.

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For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us. Based on these comparisons, I conclude that individuals in gay and lesbian couples were more likely to be both employed following the legalisation of same-sex marriage. This increase 2. I find a similar increase in the individual probability of being employed for both the household head and her spouse or unmarried partner.

Miriam Smith | Sexual Diversity Studies

I do not observe any heterogeneity when examining male and female same-sex couples separately. I also obtain similar results when comparing opposite-sex and same-sex couples within the same state over time.

Moreover, I find that the positive economic outcomes among same-sex couples were not at the expense of opposite-sex households, with employment levels for opposite-sex couples remaining stable before and after the same-sex marriage legislation. I further extend the analysis to show that same-sex couples were more likely to work full-time and more hours per week following the introduction of marriage equality.

A timeline of same-sex marriage in the US

Quite surprisingly, both gay and lesbian couples did not seem to be more prone to have children despite the extension of marriage. I do not find evidence of a surge in migration towards states that legalised SSM. In addition, all estimates preceding the law changes are statistically indistinguishable from zero. These results rule out the hypothesis that improvements in the labour market were actually driven by changes in attitudes among the general population before same-sex marriage legalisation.

I provide evidence supporting the hypothesis that same-sex marriage legalisation led to lower discrimination in the labour market, thus increasing employment levels among gay and lesbian workers.

Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships

The proportion of gay and lesbian workers in male-dominated occupations, including historically intolerant blue-collar jobs Plug et al. There were substantial and long-lasting declines in Google searches for homophobic terms following the legalisation of same-sex marriage. Analogous to the increase in female labour force participation witnessed in the past decades, legalising same-sex marriage led to higher integration of same-sex couples in the workforce.

A 2 per cent increase in the probability of being employed for 5 per cent of the U. Same-sex marriage legalisation can thus stimulate economic growth and a more efficient allocation of human capital. Many countries in Latin America have recently legalised same-sex marriage or are considering changing their marriage laws.


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  4. At the same time, homosexuality is ostracised or barely tolerated in most countries in Africa and South-East Asia. India just abolished its year-old colonial sodomy law. This paper suggests that such laws may affect labour market outcomes in these countries, and it provides an economic rationale to support marriage equality.

    Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships
    Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships
    Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships
    Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships
    Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships
    Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships
    Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships Same-Sex Marriage in the Americas: Policy Innovation for Same-Sex Relationships

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