Most physical activity—related injuries can be categorized as overuse injuries. Thus the risk of these injuries can be minimized by a reduction in the frequency, intensity, or the duration of the activity. The recommendations for health-related physical activity by the ACSM are moderate enough to limit the incidence of overuse injuries for most people Pate et al.
At very high levels of activity health problems can include dehydration, hyperthermia and hypothermia from exercise in extreme environmental conditions, amenorrhea, anemia, and suppression of immune function. In general, these conditions, when monitored, can be improved with an appropriate decrease in the level of physical exertion or limitation of physical activity participation.
Several mental health problems related to exercise have received some attention in the literature. In addition, in habitual exercisers withdrawal from exercise can elicit depressive symptoms, anxiety, and symptoms of emotional distress Mondin et al. Current understanding of the extent and severity of exercise dependency across the population is very limited.
Physical Activity as Part of Clinical Treatment
Interestingly, Coen and Ogles have found that participants who rated high on exercise dependency had less psychopathology and less body image distortion than individuals with anorexia nervosa. This distinction suggests that although exercise dependency and anorexia share some similar characteristics, the severity of the potential medical and psychological consequences is much greater for anorexic individuals. Finally, Morgan, Brown, Raglin, O'Connor, and Ellickson have reported that athletes, as a result of overtraining when the volume and intensity of exercise exceeds an individual's recovery capacity and performance is compromised , can experience symptoms of chronic fatigue, muscle soreness, insomnia, and disturbed mood.
Although substantial evidence supports the detrimental psychological p. Thus the challenge of increasing physical activity is pertinent to enhancing physical and mental health and addressing the tremendous cost to society of inactivity. The contents of this authoritative and comprehensive text present the breadth and depth of empirical contributions using state-of-the-science theories and approaches in exercise psychology.
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The authors are leading investigators who have made significant scientific contributions to the literature examining the behavioral aspects of physical activity, and each chapter presents a summary of scientific advances in the topic area as a foundation for future investigation. To provide a context for interpreting the contents of this text, the second chapter of this introductory section addresses the epidemiology of physical activity.
Subsequent sections address the effects of physical activity on mental health; knowledge gathered using psychobiological perspectives; behavioral factors that affect exercise motivation; the benefits of physical activity in special populations, including individuals with physical disabilities, older adults, and cancer patients; and promising areas for additional investigation.
American College of Sports Medicine. ACSM's guidelines for exercise testing and prescription 8th ed. Find this resource:.
- Exercise, health and mental health : emerging relationships.
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Connection Between Mental and Physical Health
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Exercise, Health and Mental Health: Emerging Relationships - كتب Google
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